“Good” is a concept that denotes preferred conduct when confronted with a choice. It is the opposite of “evil.” It is an important subject in the study of ethics, morality, philosophy, religion, and aesthetics. However, the concept of good varies widely from culture to culture, as it can mean very different things to different people in different contexts. Let’s take a look at some examples of the word in different contexts.
The word “good” can be an adjective or an adverb. Traditionally, this word is used as a preposition indicating an object or behavior. Earlier Greek philosophers discussed the concept of good, and the terms kakos and agathos were often interchangeable. By 400 BC, the term “good” was given its absolute meaning. The first philosopher to use this terminology was Democritus. The dialogues of Plato solidify the idea of morality as an absolute. Gnostics and Neoplatonists developed the concept of piety as a moral absolute.
The Greeks distinguished between two types of good: perfective and delectable. The perfective good is a thing that is desirable because it makes man better. This good is made of substance and acquired skills. Acts that improve man are intrinsic values and are desirable for their own sake. To achieve piety, a man must recognize what things are worthy of his choices and what is appropriate in terms of measure and order. There are no absolutes in life, but the Greeks were a very good place to start.
The ultimate good, the supreme good, transcends all categories. It is the highest level of good, the most important goal of all. It is not an object, a person, or an idea. It is a state of being. It is both a state of being and an action. It has form and measure, and it is both useful and beautiful. It is not an abstract concept. It is a real thing. It is an experience and a substance.
The Greeks distinguished three types of good: the delectable and the perfective. The delectable and the useful are objects that fill a person’s desires. The former is a desire that makes him a better man. The latter is a material object or a skill acquired. If it has intrinsic value, it is worth it. It is not the goal of the universe, but it is the end of the world. It is the supreme good of a civilization.
The Greeks defined good as “a thing that makes man better”. A perfective object is a good object. The latter is a good object. An object that makes a person better is a good object. Its perfections are the substance of man and the acquired skills that make him better. An act that improves a person’s life is a great example of a perfect thing. Likewise, a perfectable thing can make a person happy.